Spalding Phonogram Rules and Cues

OPR Step 2:

Initially, ask cue words and knowledge questions.

Next, ask application questions when students understand the rule.

WPR Step 2:

Give only cues provided after students say sound(s) of the phonogram.

Writing Lessons:

Apply rules that govern phonogram placement/usage.

Number(s)

Phonogram(s)

Cues/Rules

WPR Cues

1-26

Single Letters

none

none

27-34

sh, ee, th, ow, ou, oo, ch, ar

none

none

35

ay

"used at the end of a word"

say sound only

36

ai

"not used at the end of a word because English words do not end in "i"

not used

37

oy

"used at the end of a word"

say sound only

38

oi

"not used at the end of a word because English words do not end in "i"

not used

39-43

er, ir, ur, wor, ear

" word" (her, first, nurse, early)

her, first, nurse, early ("wor" does not need cue.)

44-45

ng, ea

none

none

46

aw

"used at the end of a word"

say sound only

47

au

"not used at the end of a word because English words do not end in "u"

not used

48

or

none

none

49

ck

2 letter "used after a single vowel that says its first sound"

2 letter

50-51

wh, ed

none

none

52

ew

"used at the end of a word"

say sound only

53

ui

"not used at the end of a word because English words do not end in "i"

not used

54

oa

"word" (boat)

boat

55

gu

none

none

56

ph

2 letters

2 letters

57

ough

none

none

58

oe

"word" (initially toe)

none

59

ey

none

none

60

igh

3 letters (initially)

none

61

kn

2 letters "used only at the beginning of a word"

2 letters - beginning

62

gn

2 letters "used at the beginning or end of a word"

2 letters

63

wr

2 letters

2 letters

64

ie

none

none

65

dge

3 letters "used after a single vowel that says its first sound"

3 letters

66

ei

none

none

67

eigh

4 letters

4 letters

68

ti

tall

tall

69

si

none

none

70

ci

short

short

Copyright © Spalding Education International

All Rights Reserved

Additional Phonograms Rules and Cue Words

Number(s)

Phonogram(s)

Cues/Rules

WPR Cues

71

tch

3 letters "used after a single vowel that says its first sound in a 1-syllable word"

say sound only

72

eo

"word" (people)

people

73

eau

3 letters

3 letters

74

augh

4 letters

4 letters

75

ce

"word" (ocean)

ocean

76

gh

"word" (ghost)

ghost

77

gi

"word" (region)

region

78

our

"word" (journey)

journey

79

di

"word" (soldier)

soldier

80

cu

"word" (biscuit)

biscuit

81

aigh

"word" (straight)

straight

82

sc

"word" (scene)

scene

83

ge

"word" (pigeon)

pigeon

84

rh

"word" (rhyme)

rhyme

85

eu

none

none

86

sci

"word" (conscientious)

conscientious

87

pn

"word" (pneumonia)

pneumonia

Copyright © Spalding Education International

All Rights Reserved